Jambi Batik Cloth Designs

Dress with Jambi Batik Designs

Below are 66 pictures showing many of the basic designs (motif) that are used in the manufacture of Jambi Batik. Most of these designs are directly related to the Jambi people’s culture and daily life. You can read our previous post about batik by clicking this link.

In our research for writing this article we encountered differences for the names of the various Jambi batik designs. We obtained multiple lists of designs from books and museum records, but the lists didn’t always agree. There doesn’t seem to be one authority that can say, “Yes, this batik design is called a ….”  For the most part the people and lists did agreed, but there are still about five designs we’re still uncertain about.

We are very grateful to the many people who assisted us in obtaining this information. Mr. Agus Rianto, of the Sanggar Batik & Kerajinan Store, went out of his way to help us obtain many of the below pictures. Others who assisted us were from stores listed on our post titled: “Shopping in Jambi.”

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Ancak

Ancak— this is like a lattice tray used for a number of different things, one being offering foods and incense to ancestors / spirits.
Another is drying kerupuk on after it was fried

Antalas.1

Antalas (antelas)—a flower

Ayam Lepas.1

Ayam Lepas—Free Chicken (Some said there is no design with this name. We did find this hand drawing of it.)

                                             

                       

Biji Timun

Biji Timun—cucumber seed


Bungo Bintang–a flower. Possibly the Star of Bethlehem.

          

Bungo Cengkeh.clove.2

Bungo Cengkeh—clove flower

          


Bungo Durian 2

Bungo Durian—durian flower

Jangkar

Jangkar—an anchor (We could only find this design on a pattern)

 


Bungo Jatuh

Bungo Jatuh—various fallen flower petals


 

  

Bungo Kopi

Bungo Kopi—coffee plant

 

    

 

Bungo Matahari

Bungo Matahari—sunflower

  

 

Bungo Melati

Bungo Melati—Some say a rose. Others a jasmine flower

  


Bungo Rambat

Bungo Rambat— flower of a creeping / spreading plant

  

Bungo Tanjung

Bungo Tanjung—magnolia flower


  

 

GaloGalo2.1

Galo-Galo—an assortment of drawings all combined into one design.


Fish (2)

Ikan–fish

Fish.1

Ikan–fish

  

                 


 

Kacapiring.versi lama

Kacapiring—This is an older design of kacapiring. The flower named gardenia or cape jasmine


Kapal Sanggat (2)

Kapal Sanggat–“the ship that stopped” (many different designs of this ship)

Kapal Sanggat 2 (2)

Kapal Sanggat–“the ship that stopped” (many different designs of this ship)

Kapal Sanggat 2.1

Kapal Sanggat–“the ship that stopped” (many different designs of this ship)

Kapal Sanggat.3

Kapal Sanggat–“the ship that stopped” (many different designs of this ship)

Kapal Sanggat (3)

Kapal Sanggat–“the ship that stopped” (many different designs of this ship)

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Kapal Sanggat—the above 5 designs are variations of the one boat called Kapal Sanggat. There story behind this ship’s seems to be open to anybody’s imagination. One person said it was just a reflection of the historical use of the river for travel and transportation of goods. Another persons said it was a Dutch ship that was attacked and stopped by the forces resisting Dutch colonization. Another story was that this ship was from China, bringing the first Chinese Muslim missionary to Jambi, and his name was Datuk Sintai.

Keladi

Keladi (Daun Keladi)— Colocasia esculenta

 

Keluk Paku

Keluk Paku (pakis)— We could only find this in a pattern —a fern— Gleichenia linearis

Kepak Lepas (2)

Kepak Lepas—a single wing that’s freely placed anywhere in the design


Kepiting.5

Kepiting—crab

  

Kuau Berhias

Kuau, or Kuaw Berhias—the bird: Argusianus argus

 

 

Merak Ngeram

Merak Ngeram— We were told that this decoration is a reflection of a bird laying an egg. Another person said this was a durian fruit developing.

   

Pucuk Rebung 2

Pucuk Rebung—a pattern frequently seen on ladies skirts

Riang-Riang—cicadas. Some said this was a Kupu-Kupu (butterfly). Others said it was like a cricket or grasshopper with wings

Riang-Riang–Another version of the picture on the left

Siput–snail

Tabur Bengkok—A decorative design only. It is in the picture on the left.

Tabur Bengkok—A decorative design used to liven up a piece of cloth. The design is located in the center of this picture.


Tabur Titik—A decorative design only, used to liven up material. It’s is in the picture on the left

Tabur Titik—located in the center of this picture. It is a decorative design only, used to liven up material.

Tagapo—spider web was the original design.

Tampung Manggis–the top petals on a purple mangosteen

Taritang

Wayang Genseng


Patola. One person said there isn’t such a thing as a batik design with the name Patola. Others said it was like a rose.

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The above designs are said to have been the classic Jambi designs.

Below are additional designs, though not considered as classic Jambi batik, they are still very famous, since they are connected with well known Jambi legends.

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Sungai Batanghari–theBatanghari River. This is the longest river on the island of Sumatra, and it runs right through the Jambi Province.

Sungai Batanghari–Batanghari River

Angso Duo–two legendary geese   (many variations of this design)

Angso Duo–two legendary geese (there are many variations of this design)

Angso Duo–two legendary geese   (many variations of this design)

Keris Siginjai–famous magical knife of Jambi legends. This knife is on a pattern made of metal which is used to make the designs on the cloth.

Keris Siginjai–the famous magical knife of Jambi legends. This one is positioned between Angso Duo (the two legendary geese of Jambi legends).

Sepit Udang–a type of flower: Heliconia pendula   This design was found on a stamp. We couldn’t find it on any piece of cloth.

Anggur–Grapes

Kembang Duren–Durian flower

Udang Besar–lobster

Daun Sirih–a sirih leaf that for decorative purposes has been broken up into pieces.

Rubber Tree–rubber trees are a common sight in Jambi. This batik design is very new. It shows the tree being tapped and the rubber being collected in a container.

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We saw some old batik patterns that weren’t written on any list. We found these in the City of Jambi, on the north side of the Batanghari River, in an area that is famously referred to as “Sebarang” (the other side… of the river). In Jambi newspapers it’s common to see that area referred to with its abbreviation: “Sekoja” (Sebarang Kota Jambi—the other side of the river from the City of Jambi).

Cannon–we’re not sure why the cannon became a batik design.

Bungo Bangkai–This has been described as being a Rafflesia flower, or a Amorphophallus titanum. The tallest flower in the world.

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Below are several batik designs we found, but we weren’t able to find somebody who could tell us what they were.

We were told that this batik design does not have a name.

This design shows a “Bungo Cengkeh”–a clove flower, surrounded by the unknown decorative design in the picture on the left.

We were told that this design is a modification of a previously shown Antelas motif.

Unknown Design